India and Malaysia share the same journey of learning; both being former British colonies. Even some parts of Malaya’s first Constitution were modeled after India’s Constitution.
The British granted independence to India in 15th August 1947; while Malaya (now Malaysia) won independence in 31st August 1957.
India became a democratic republic where the President is the Head of State; while the Prime Minister is the chief of the Executive branch.
Malaysia became a Constitutional Monarchy where the SUPREME KING AGONG is the Head of State. The Prime Minister is the chief of the Executive branch. Democratic elections are held every five years.
What Happened To The Original Monarchs In India?
After World War 2, BIG BECAME BEAUTIFUL and size was crucial for strategic survival.
In 1947, India had to consolidate about 565 princely states into one nation state. Persuading the Hindu Maharajahs to relinguish power to the federal government.
Their British colonial masters assisted in the crucial negotiations with the Maharajahs. The 565 Maharajahs signed instruments of accession to join India. In exchange; they were allowed their “Maharajah” titles, special privileges and a privy State-purse.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Indian Prime Minister from 1947 – 1964. While Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
The Winds Of Change.
Then in 1971, there was a power showdown. Indian PM Indira Gandhi with massive support of other politicians; ordered the rewriting of India’s State Constitution.
As a result, the former Maharajahs became ordinary citizens and it was now illegal to use the “Maharajah” title. Their financial lifeline were also cancelled.
On hindsight, Their Royal Majesties gave up their 565 kingdoms – just to become paupers and to die penniless.
Most of all, it taught the former Maharajahs (and us) that politicians can never ever be trusted.