Wasiat Akhir Dan Warisan DiRaja

Wasiat Al-Wasiyya

Pernahkah anda dinamakan sebagai waris dalam satu wasiat akhir?

Katakanlah, seseorang yang berkenalan dengan anda telah meninggal dunia; samada keluarga atau rakan.

Al-Wasi (pentadbir) harta pusaka mendiang telah memberitahu bahawa anda telah dinamakan sebagai waris dalam wasiat akhir mendiang Al-musi (pewaris).

Ini bermakna anda adalah bakal menerima satu warisan hartanah, harta benda, saham, wang tunai dan sebagainya.

2d family

Families Sitting In Back Of Van Smiling

Perkara Undang-undang Penting *

1. Al-Musi (pewaris) adalah penulis wasiat akhir. Dia melantik Al-Wasi (pentadbir) dan menamakan waris yang layak menerima peninggalan.

2. Waris tidak boleh diubah. Anda sebagai waris mempunyai hak sahih untuk menerima (atau menolak) segalanya yang dinyatakan di dalam wasiat akhir.

3. Kandungan dalam wasiat akhir tidak boleh diubah. Al-Wasi (pentadbir) harta pusaka tidak mempunyai kuasa untuk menukar wasiat akhir; supaya menjadikannya lebih ‘sempurna’.

4. Al-Wasi (pentadbir) diberi kuasa mengedarkan harta pusaka itu hanya mengikut panduan terkandung dan mematuhi hasrat yang diwasiatkan oleh Al-Musi (pewaris).

5. Al-Wasi (pentadbir) tidak boleh diubah kecuali kalau mahkamah diyakini ketidakcekapan Al-Wasi (pentadbir) tersebut. Maka, satu perintah mahkamah diwajibkan.

 

2b family

Ini Kisah Kami *

Raja-Raja Melayu telah memerintah Tanah Melayu semenjak 500 tahun yang lalu.

Dalam tempuh sebelum 31hb Ogos 1957, 9 Raja-Raja Melayu bermuafakat menjadikan Tanah Melayu (Malaya) sebagai satu warisan.

Warisan ini diwariskan kepada berjuta-juta rakyat Malaysia sebagai waris bersama.

Wasiat akhir adalah terkandung dalam Perlembagaan dan perjanjian-perjanjian lain. Ini juga dikenali sebagai “7 Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu”.

Wasiat dan Hibah

Wasiat Akhir Diperkasakan Undang-Undang *

Al-Musi (pewaris) – 9 Raja-Raja Melayu sewaktu Merdeka.

Al-wasiyya (wasiat akhir) – Perlembagaan Persekutuan termasuk perjanjian lain.

Waris – semua rakyat Malaysia termasuk anda dan saya.

Al-Wasi (pentadbir) – 9 Sultan yang membentuk Majlis Raja-Raja.

Ketua Al-Wasi – DYMMSPB Yang di-Pertuan Agong yang mewakili Majlis Raja-Raja.

Warisan – keistimewaan kewarganegaraan, bentuk dan watak Malaysia yang kita menikmati.

6 Wasiat 1

Betapa indahnya prinsip-prinsip yang selaris ini:-

> Menerima warisan kami sebagai waris.

> “Tujuh Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu” memperuntukkan warisan kepada semua rakyat Malaysia untuk menjaga kepentingan keturunan.

“Tujuh Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu” jelas menyatakan bahawa terwujud tujuh ketetapan tidak boleh diubah tanpa tandatangan Agong dan meterai DiRaja.

2b TDM Mohon Maaf - MK

Baru-baru ini, Tun Dr. Mahathir memohon maaf di laman webnya.

http://chedet.cc/?p=2234

“Saya ingin memohon maaf kerana pindaan perlembagaan yang menyebabkan kelulusan dan tandatangan Yang di-Pertuan Agong tidak lagi menjadi keperluan untuk menjadikan suatu Akta Parlimen sebagai undang-undang.”

2c family

BERDASARKAN PENGAKUAN TUN DR. MAHATHIR ATAS KESILAPANNYA;

DAN BAGI PIHAK 30 JUTA WARGANEGARA MALAYSIA,

Saya merayu untuk Suruhanjaya Siasatan DiRaja (RCI) ditubuhkan untuk menyiasat pindaan Perlembagaan Persekutuan pada tahun 1983, 1993 dan 1994.

1. Sekiranya 9 Raja-Raja bertindak sebagai ‘Al-wasi wasiat akhir’, siapa mempunyai kuasa sah untuk memindahkan kuasa Al-wasi kepada undi ahli politik?

2. Adalah 9 Raja-Raja tertekan apabila Tuanku-Tuanku menyerah kepada rang undang-undang (RUU) tersebut; dengan pengetahuan bahawa RUU ini akan meminggirkan ‘kuasa Al-wasi’?

3. Adakah satu referendum diwajibkan di seluruh negara untuk mendapatkan persetujuan rakyat Malaysia? Ini kerana rakyat dikenalpasti sebagai ‘waris’ dan kepentingan mereka akan terjejas.

4. Adakah rakyat Malaysia diberi maklum mengenai keputusan ahli politik untuk meminggirkan tandatangan Agong dan meterai DiRaja dalam pemindahan RUU?

5. Adakah rakyat Malaysia diberi penjelasan bahawa bil di Parlimen yang tidak menerima persetujuan dan perkenan Agong akan seterusnya secara otomatik menjadi RUU sahih dalam tempuh 30 hari?

6. Adakah satu persetujuan secara lisan atau bertulis diterima dari rakyat Malaysia sebagai penerima warisan?

2g Suruhanjaya DiRaja

Soalan-soalan penting ini perlu dijawab dengan segera kerana situasi ini boleh memberi kesan kepada integriti institusi dan kedaulatan undang-undang.

Kecuali dan sehingga satu referendum dijalankan di seluruh negara, untuk mendapatkan muafakatan 30 juta rakyat Malaysia;

Apa-apa pindaan kepada Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang meminggirkan kuasa Agong sejak 1983;

Seperlunya diteliti dari kedudukan preundangan yang sah; dan kalau dikenalpasti bertentangan perundangan; maka RUU tersebut mestilah dimansuh, ditolak dan ditarik-balik.

Saya dengan rendah hati merayu supaya tandatangan Agong dan meterai DiRaja diwajibkan semula untuk perundangan Akta RUU di Parlimen.

4r_Raja

5th Aug 2017, Konvensyen “Memperkukuh Pasak Negara.”

 

Langkah mulia ini mengikut perjanjian adil yang dipersetujui sebelum Merdeka dan mematuhi bidang kuasa.

Lebih-lebih lagi, ini akan memulihkan kemuliaan dan keagungan institusi Raja; sebagai Ketua Negara; yang disanjungi tinggi oleh rakyat Melayu dan bukan-Melayu.

MW photo

 

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A Final Will And Royal Inheritance

1 Will Gavel

Have you been been named as a heir in a final will before?

Asuming; someone close to you had passed away; whether family or friend.

The administrator (executor) of the deceased’s estate have informed that you had been named as a heir in the final will of the deceased.

This means that you are a joint-heir (beneficiary) of an inheritance of properties, possessions, stocks or cash.

2d family

Families Sitting In Back Of Van Smiling

Important Legal Points *

1. The testator is the writer of the final will. He appoints the executors and names the heirs entitled to receive the inheritance.

2. The heirs cannot be changed. You have a lawful right to receive everything as stated in the will.

3. The contents of the final will cannot be changed. The executor of the estate does not have the power to change the final will; to make the final will any ‘better’.

4. The executor is given the mandate to distribute the estate only according to the instructions in the final will as stated by the testator.

5. The executor cannot be changed unless the court is convinced of the executor’s incompetence. Hence, only by court order.

2b family

This Is Our Story *

This happened in historical Malaya before 31st Aug 1957. Now the story becomes very interesting.

The 9 Malay Sultans had bequeath Tanah Melayu (combined) which were ruled by the Malay Monarchy for the past 500 years.

This enormous estate was a bequeathment to millions of Malaysian citizens as joint heirs.

The Dynamics Of The Will Is Activated *

Testators – the 9 Sultans at the time of Merdeka.

Final Will – the Federal Constitution including other agreements.

Joint heirs – you, me and all the citizens of Malaysia.

Executors – the 9 Sultans forming the Rulers Council.

Chief Executor – the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) representing the Rulers’ Council.

Inheritance – the privileges of citizenship, the form and character of Malaysia that we live in.

Last will

6 Wasiat 1

What a beautiful parallel of principles between:-

> Receiving our inheritance as heirs.

> “Tujuh Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu” leaving an inheritance to all Malaysians.

“Tujuh Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu” clearly states that its seven immutable declarations cannot be changed without the Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal.

Star - Dr M

Recently, former Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir made an apology on his website.

http://chedet.cc/?p=2234

“I would like to apologise for the amendment to the Constitution which made the approval and signature of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the King) no longer necessary for the legalising of an Act of Parliament.”

2c family

BASED ON TUN DR. MAHATHIR’S ADMISSION OF WRONGDOING,

AND ON BEHALF OF 30 MILLION MALAYSIAN CITIZENS,

I appeal for a Royal Commission of Inquiry (RCI) to be established to investigate the Federal Constitution amendments in 1983, 1993 and 1994.

1. If the present 9 Sultans were acting as ‘executors of the will’, who has the lawful authority to transfer the ‘executor’s powers’ to the politician’s vote?

2. Were the Sultans (being executors) subjected to duress when Their Majesties consented; knowing that the enacted Acts will diminish the ‘powers of the executors’?

3. Was there a nationwide referendum to seek the consent and approval of all Malaysians since their best interests would be affected as ‘joint-heirs of the final will’?

4. Were Malaysian citizens duly informed on the politicians’ decision to sideline the Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal in the Constitutional amendments?

5. Were Malaysian citizens informed that any bills in Parliament that does not receive royal assent will automatically become law of the nation within 30 days?

6. Was there a written or verbal consent recorded from the 30 million Malaysians being ‘joint-heirs’ and beneficiaries?

RCI

These imperative questions need to be answered urgently as the situation can affect the integrity of our institutions and the rule of law.

Unless and until a nationwide referendum is held to obtain the consensus of the 30 million Malaysians;

Any amendments to the Federal Constitution that diminishes the Agong’s (King’s) powers since 1983;

Should be scrutinised of its lawful standing; and if such are identified as conflicting with the rule of law; these Acts should be completely repealed, rejected and retracted.

I humbly appeal that the Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal to be made compulsory once again for the legislation of laws in the Parliament.

4r_The King Shoulders The Mandate Of Allah Entrusted

5th Aug 2017, Konvensyen “Memperkukuh Pasak Negara.”

 

This noble step is in accordance to the sacred agreements made pre-Merdeka and this fully abides by the rule of law.

Furthermore, this will restore the glory and majesty of the King’s institution; as the Head of the Government; which is highly exalted by the Malays and non-Malays.

MW photo

Tun Dr. M Apologises For Changing Constitution

Tun Dr. Mahathir aggressively amended the Federal Constitution while he was Malaysia’s PM for 22 years. From 1981 to 2003.

This happened particularly during the years of 1983, 1993 and 1994.

In a rare admission of wrongdoing, Tun Dr. M made this apology on his website.

http://chedet.cc/?p=2234

“I would like to apologise for the amendment to the Constitution which made the approval and signature of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the King) no longer necessary for the legalising of an Act of Parliament.”

1 TDM Apology - MK

2 TDM Apology - MM

Malaysia’s Parliament *

Usually in a parliamentary democracy, the members of parliament (MPs) debate and vote to legislate bills.

Once it receives the Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal, the bill becomes an Act of Parliament.

In Tun Dr M’s case, the ruling coalition legislated several bills orchestrated with a bitter public campaign.

The objective was to remove the necessity and safeguard of the Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal.

Did the Agong (King) signed the legislation willingly; and was advised sufficiently?

Was the Agong (King) fully informed that this bill will shift his Majesty’s powers to the MPs elected by the people?

3 C_Amendment

4 C_Amendment

5 C_Amendment

6 Wasiat 1

Tujuh Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu *

The 7 Declarations Of The 9 Malay Rulers’ Will

(1) The sovereignty (immunity) of the Rulers to rule.

(2) Islam is the official religion of Malaysia.

(2b) Freedom of religion is guaranteed for non-Muslims.

(3) The Malay Language is the National Language.

(4) Malay Reserve Land.

(5) The privileged position of the Malays.

(6) The legitimate interests of other races.

(7) Royal Malay Regiment.

RCI

Acts of Parliament *

All 7 declarations contained in the respective Acts of Parliament cannot be amended in the Constitution without the Agong’s (King’s) signature and royal seal.

Tun Dr Mahathir apologised that he as the PM had made the King’s signature and royal seal no longer necessary for legislating of laws.

Does it mean theoretically that all 7 declarations can now be changed by a 2/3 Parliamentary vote?

I believe that these vital questions cannot be satisfactorily answered without the formation of a Royal Commission of Inquiry (RCI).

I humbly appeal to the Government of Malaysia to establish a RCI urgently.

MW photo

The Creative Genius Of Pete Teo

1a_Pete Teo

Film-maker Pete Teo stormed into our hearts with his Youtube clip entitled “Hari Malaysia Kembara” (2013).

It was then a time of nation-building for all Malaysians during and after GE13 (held on 5th May 2013).

It was also in conjunction with ‘Malaysia Day’ which falls on 16th Sept 2013.

THE PAIN POINT *

The prevailing perception was that Malaysians had lost their patriotism and identity.

The feeling of ownership and sense of belonging was sadly missing from this current generation.

1b_Malaysia

THE MISSION *

The objective was to tap into powerful emotions present and alive during Merdeka.

Capturing the (old) flame and rekindling the first love and patriotism for the country.

Instilling meaning, purpose and destiny to a new generation yet to experience 1957.

1c_Sofia Jane

THE STRATEGY *

Teo digitally ‘recreated’ the scenes of Independence on the historical days of 31st August 1957.

This is where the nation’s founding father; our first PM Tunku Abdul Rahman declared ‘Merdeka’ meaning freedom, liberty and independence.

1d_Liow Tiong Lai

Teo used ‘green-screen’ multimedia technologies to super-impose current politicians and celebrities into old historical clips from 1957.

1e Liow Tiong Lai

It was an infusion and a fusion of the current and living into an historical event 56 years ago. (2013-1957 = 56 years)

THE RESULTING MASTERPIECE *

A remix and reimagination so subtle, so moving, so powerful.

Fusing present-day living icons with stirring memories of meaningful history.

Soft and beautiful music alluring to the heartbeat and poetic lyrics inviting us to join in.

CONGRATULATIONS PETE TEO *

The agenda and motive of making this film was highly commendable and noble.

We have good reasons to celebrate the creative genius of Malaysian filmmaker Pete Teo.

SUBLIMINAL MESSAGES *

However, there is something stirring in me as an after-thought.

Did filmmaker Pete Teo really need to BYPASS or TRICK our logical minds?

Did anyone ask for our consent or our permission for this secret operation?

Were there SUBLIMINAL messages in the film which were sent secretly into our subconscious mind?

1h_subconscious

OUR CONSCIOUS MIND *

Our conscious mind acts as a logical and reasoning filter to all incoming information and experiences in life.

Information which are fake, or does not fit our beliefs are tagged ‘deviant’ and are ‘cold-storaged’.

Like computer viruses locked up in “VAULT” of the anti-virus software and added into the virus signature list.

OUR SUBCONSCIOUS MIND *

Information approved by our conscious mind are tagged ‘acceptable’ and stored in our subconscious mind; for later use.

Such information are very powerful because it serves like computer codes which are drivers to our future actions and behaviour.

Human Brain

ETHICAL ISSUES *

This is the 21st century and there are many ingenious film-makers like Pete Teo in the world.

If they can resort to manipulating reality and creating multimedia illusions:-

> to trick our minds so that we accept the illusions, delusions and deceptions as real;

> to circumvent our logical and perception checkpoints that filter out fake news;

> to insert hidden subliminal messages into our subconscious mind.

Kindly do advise us – should there be a red line drawn to define the boundaries of ethical behaviour?

1i_Hypnosis

THE GRAVE SITUATION IS *

Both our conscious and subconscious mind are designed to work together.

If you bypass our conscious mind, it would be akin to using hypnosis on the person.

Hypnosis is where the hypnotist puts the person and her conscious mind into a sleep-like trance;

Then he communicates directly with the person’s subconscious mind;

For the purpose of planting benign auto-suggestions or positive affirmations.

Would anyone agree to have his or her spouse to be hypnotized;

Without a video camera or 3rd party supervision?

OUR MINDS CAN BE TRICKED *

The interesting questions are:-

Was ‘Nurul Izzah Anwar’ or ‘Namewee’ even born or existing in 1957?

Were the RTM building even built and ‘Majulah Malaysia’ slogan even conceived in 1957?

Were the cultural dances of Sabah and Sarawak (1963) even relevant to ‘Merdeka’ or Malaya in 1957?

1k_Pete Teo

A CRUCIAL QUESTION FOR PETE TEO *

If the agenda and motive of the filmmaker’s client becomes questionable or cannot be scrutinized,

How do we guard ourselves from hidden subliminal messages that seep into our subconscious mind?

We just realized that you have the awesome power to influence our thoughts, feelings and actions!

FROM KEMBARA (2013) TO CITIZENS (2017) *

1n_MCA Liow

My comments on ‘Citizens’ will appear in a future posting.

MW photo

It Is An Open Season For Politicians

1_Tiger

Open season is a specific period of time when it is permissible to hunt for wild animals which otherwise are protected by the law.

Why would certain species of wild animals be protected by the law in some countries? Some are rare, endangered, threatened or close to extinction.

In Malaysia, there is a species of wild animals which will soon be facing an open season. ( But are you man enough for the hunt? )

The reason being the 14th General Elections are coming soon for the ‘political animals’ aka political candidates.

At other times, they enjoy natural immunity and are protected by the laws of sedition.

It will be an unprecedented no-holds-barred.

It will be a brutal bloodbath and a ruthless showdown.

All kinds of character assassination will be expected.

1_Weaponized Info

By all definitions, it will be an Information Warfare.

This means that any type of information can be weaponized against the enemy.

It will be an intense battle for your hearts and your minds.

Simply because there is just too much at stake for all stakeholders.

Some may actually land behind prison bars.

 

MW photo

Something Very Strange Is Going On – Public Caning In Malaysia

On 13th July 2017, the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly unanimously passed an amendment to the Syariah Criminal Procedure Enactment 2002. However, this revised enactment has yet to receive royal assent.

This was to allow caning in full public view for Syariah offences which were previously witnessed only by prison officials. Four types of offences include sodomy, illicit sex (zina), alcohol consumption and false accusation of zina. Law applicable for Muslims only.

As a non-Muslim and a concerned Malaysian, these are my observations.

1 Aceh Public-Caning - Cameras

1. Caning In Aceh – Reverting From ‘Public’ To Private

Two months ago, Aceh (Indonesia) implemented ‘public’ canings in response to demands by its Islamic hardliners. Since then, canings were carried out in full public view in front of the mosque after prayers for Syariah offenders.

2 20170716 Nst - Aceh may make canings private

Why is Aceh now reverting the ‘public’ canings back to the privacy of prison walls? Has our Muslim scholars, politicians and assemblymen consulted the Muftis in Aceh as to enquire what went wrong?

3 Surah 24.2

2. What Does The Holy Qu’ran Say?

“The (unmarried) woman or (unmarried) man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of ALLAH, if you believe in ALLAH and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.” Surah 24:2

FYI, the videos and images of the ‘public’ canings in my blog are sourced from Google, Facebook and Youtube. What does the “group of believers” mean? Does it include ALL the 7 billion people in the world today?

I note that the punishment of caning is stipulated (only for zina) and necessary for moral education. But what about caning in full public view in the Internet era? Is that why Aceh is retreating so fast?

Then why are PAS and UMNO politicians pushing ahead and blatantly ignoring the facts? What are their real motives?

3. The Internet Is Forever

If the new enactments receive royal assent, Kelantan will be the only state in Malaysia and in the world which mandate canings implemented ‘publicly’. I have omitted the ISIS in Iraq and Raqqa Syria because many Muslims don’t even consider them Islamic.

While Syariah offenders in other Malaysian states will undergo ‘private’ canings thus sparing them the public humiliation from the unbelievers.

4 caning

Imagine the shame, opprobrium, disgrace and dishonour borne by the Muslimin and Muslimat. To be a hot topic of discussion amongst the non-believers. In the neighbourhood, in the marketplace and in the office. Is this what the Holy Qu’ran commanded?

The lashings are video-recorded on Facebook and Youtube; to be viewed by millions. “Selama-lamanya”, forever is a very long time. Try Google image searching with the keywords “Aceh” or “Islamic State” and “caning”.

4. Malaysia’s Supreme King

As The Yang DiPertuan Agong of Malaysia, Sultan Muhammad V is the Head of ISLAM for Kelantan, Federal Territories, Penang, Melaka, Sabah and Sarawak.

5a sultan kelantan

Sultan Muhammad V is deeply loved by the people of Malaysia. It is true that His Majesty has a very special place in the hearts of the Kelantanese.

5b sultan kelantan

Is it because the Kelantanese are so loved that they are given far exceeding than the doctor’s prescribed dosage?

Is caning done publicly for full viewing for the unbelievers (ready with their mobiles and camcorders), only for Kelantan’s ummah’s own good?

How will His Majesty explain to his subjects….. that Muslims in Kelantan are different from the Muslims in FT, Penang, Melaka, Sabah and Sarawak….. hence they deserve different treatments.

5. Time To Expose Secret Agendas

What are the PAS and UMNO politicians secretly thinking? Something very strange is going on. Indeed!!!

Don’t they know that this amendment will disconnect the Kelantanese grassroots from their Malay Ruler?

Don’t they know that enactment (if passed into law) will discolour the international image of our beloved King, the YDP AGONG who is the Head of ISLAM in the Nation-State of Malaysia?

PAS & UMNO politicians claims to champion the royal institution and uphold the dignity of ISLAM. But their political posturing have a hidden agenda.

6. Judicial Discretion For Whom?

Kelantan’s Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Mohd Amar Nik Abdullah says, “Caning can now be carried out inside prison or outside prison, depending on court decision.”

6 20170713 Star - Kelantan whips up a storm

This means that the Syariah Court Magistrate or Judge has the discretionary power, to vary, to be selective – as to who receives publicity.

This leads to the unhealthy inference and (mis)perception; rightly or wrongly; that the rich and powerful (offenders) could receive favourable treatment.

Neither PAS or UMNO politicians have explained why the Judicial exception (or escape clause) is present if ‘public’ caning is a divine command as they so claimed. Where is the perception of fairness; that all Muslims are equal before the Islamic law?

7 20170714 Star - Zahid_Keep it in perspective

Deputy PM Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi is not addressing the real issues. Obviously this new law does not apply to non-Muslims.

7. Prime Minister’s Office

The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) have failed to exercise thought leadership on behalf of His Majesty, our beloved AGONG.

Perhaps it is now time to establish His Majesty’s royal think-tank which is independent of the PMO or politicians.

Patriotic thought leaders who are loyal to His Majesty’s cause will answer the call to chart the future of Malaysia.

Color 1

Kings Are Disappearing From The Earth

Many countries in the world once had monarchs. But alas, they are no more.

China’s last emperor abdicated on 12 Feb 1912, following Sun Yat-sen’s republican revolution.

After World War 1, Russia forced its last Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate in 15 March 1917.

To the casual observer, China and Russia had become godless regimes by turning into communist governments.

The India And Pakistan Experience

Just recently, I blogged of the disengagement of Colonial British from India in 1947. This led to the newly-created independent nation-states of both India and Pakistan.

We saw how India consolidated about 565 princely states into one nation state. The Hindu Maharajahs had to sign Instruments of Accession to join India.

Meanwhile, the Muslim Rulers known as Nawabs who were kings of Muslim princely states; they also signed Instruments of Accession to join Pakistan.

Thus, we see an unmistakable manifestation of human psychology.

The Hindu-majority states preferred to join India. India prides itself as secular but it is strongly Hindu in many aspects.

[ The Hindu Maharajahs of Hyderabad and Kalat opted for self-independence in 1947 but their states were annexed by the Indian military in 1948. ]

On the other hand, the Muslim-majority states preferred to join Muslim Pakistan.

What does this really say?

Firstly, religion will rule human hearts and become a strong factor in politics.

Secondly, the independence of India and Pakistan saw the dissolution of nearly 600 monarchies.

4_Junagadh

Case Study – Junagadh

Junagadh is a Hindu-majority populace with a Muslim Ruler. Its Nawab decided to merge Junagadh into Pakistan but was fiercely resisted by the Hindu majority. This led to a referendum and eventual integration of Junagadh into India.

5_kashmir-Pak-India

Case Study – Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is a Muslim-majority populace with a Hindu Maharajah named Hari Singh. He signed the Instrument of Accession to join India in 1947. This led to war between India and Pakistan, resulting in a split state of Kashmir. Here, we see Muslim citizens’ expectations to be ruled by Islamic law in a Muslim government.

History Lessons

In 1971, Indian PM Indira Gandhi derecognized the Maharajahs by revising the Constitution. The Government of Pakistan also derecognized the Nawabs in 1972.

So the Muslim Nawabs did not fare any better than the Hindu Maharajahs.

6_Politicians

Politicians no matter the colour of their skin – are capricious creatures of self-interests.

“To be forewarned is to be forearmed.”

The Malaysia Experience

Malaysia is blessed to have a monarchy who is God-fearing  and righteous.

We must guard against our politicians who will try to usurp the role of our King.

I say this again. “To be forewarned is to be forearmed.”

Color 1

 

 

 

Democracy And Republic ~ Part 4 of 7

4 - Democracy 1

I have chosen these topics because many of our peers in this generation are born after World War II. Many issues need to be considered in perspective and context.

In the written history of mankind, most of the countries in the world have always been ruled by monarchs or kings.

After World War 2 ended in 1945, many nations started transitioning to new forms of government – being democracies and republics.

In these new forms of government; the majority vote of the nation’s citizens in General Elections determine:-

* the kind of State laws that they want to govern themselves;

* the leaders that they want to lead the State.

4 - Federal Constitution

Constitutional Monarchy

In a democracy, the king is retained as the Head of State.

The extend of powers of the king is as defined in the State Constitution.

In a republic, the President is elected to function as the Head of State.

Singapore’s President has strong veto powers to block the abuse of the nations’ strategic financial reserves.

Both the #Democracy and #Republic State Constitution define that the three branches of government serve under the #Monarch or the #President respectively.

 

The Three Branches Of Government.

The doctrine of the separation of powers is to provide the constitutional checks and balances. This is for the proper functioning of the State.

It ensures that each branch of government acts with integrity; and effectively; and without the abuse of its defined powers.

4 - Najib

(I) The Executive. The Prime Minister is usually the head of the coalition of political parties. He appoints his cabinet of ministers, usually from his allies who are legislators in the Parliament.

4 - Parliament

(II) The Parliament. Members of Parliament are voted in by the people during General Elections. MPs legislate new laws or amend current laws to be enacted into the Acts of Parliament.

4 Judiciary laws 2

(III) The Courts. Judges are appointed by the Head of State/ The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. The Judiciary interpret the laws of Parliament and makes judicial judgments to be enforced. The Courts can also rule against the Executive or the Legislative Assembly.

Color 1

Is Religion To Be Blamed For Terrorism?

Manchester bombing, London Bridge knife attacks, Marawi takeover by gunmen, Baghdad suicide bombings, Afghanistan suicide vehicle, Egypt bombing.

These are lawless acts committed by criminals who murdered more than 100 innocent lives. All done in the holy month of RAMADHAN.

These dramatic acts seized the world news headlines in part because the violent perpetrators so happened to be Muslims.

BUT REALLY, RATIONALLY, REALISTICALLY – WHY SHOULD RELIGION EVEN BE BLAMED IN THE FIRST PLACE?

Let’s turn the clock back to year 1994, starting April 6th, for 100 days.

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IT’S TIME TO REVISIT THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE

RWANDA is an east-central African state surrounded by Zaire, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.

RWANDA’s population was at 7.3 million people as at April 1994. Racially comprising of Hutu 85 %, Tutsi 14 % and Twa 1%.

2 Hutu, Tutsi

In 1994, RWANDA’s official religion of the populace was Roman Catholic 57 %, Protestant 26 %, Seventh-day Adventist 11 % and Muslim 4.6 %.

Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_genocide

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The RWANDAN bloodbath claimed as many as 800,000 lives. Some say it was instigated by racist and extreme elements within their own RWANDAN government and military.

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Innocent victims were murdered in the 100 days of orchestrated violence. Rape survivors were infected with AIDS.

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300,000 more became refugees.

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Their perpetrators’ weapons of choice – clubs, knives and machetes. You don’t really need guns to kill.

Almost two thirds of the Tutsis population were decimated and ethnically cleansed.

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If Moderate Hutus spoke against the genocide, they were similarly eliminated.

If Moderate Hutus were discovered hiding or helping Tutsis, they too were not spared.

If Moderate Hutus refused to participate in the violence and gang rapes, they were also killed by the para-military force of Hutu extremists.

Frightening!!! It was the Moderate Hutus (the ordinary people) who were stirred up – or instigated – or forced – to be part of the gigantic killing-machine and rape-machine.

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http://unictr.unmict.org/en/tribunal

The United Nations Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for RWANDA (ICTR) to prosecute persons responsible for the genocide committed in RWANDA.

The ICTR opened in 1995 and had indicted 93 individuals responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in RWANDA in 1994.

The offenders included high-ranking RWANDAN government and military officials, politicians and businessmen.

Also indicted were religious leaders, militia leaders, radio station operators and media owners.

But the horrors and the dread of darkness that descended on RWANDA will never be forgotten or never ever to be erased.

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IS CHRISTIANITY TO BE PARTLY BLAMED FOR THE RWANDA GENOCIDE?

At the ICTR, witnesses say there were church leaders who resisted the killings at the risk of their own lives.

At the same time, there were also some church leaders who participated or supported the killings of the Tutsis.

HOW COULD IT EVEN BE COMPREHENSIBLE THAT THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH AND THE PROTESTANT CHURCH LEADERS HAD BLOOD ON THEIR HANDS?

4 Wenceslas-Munyeshyaka

Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka (born 1958) was found guilty of rape and genocide. A military tribunal in RWANDA sentenced him in absentia to life in prison.

At the Holy Family Cathedral where he was the head priest, he herded his own congregation of adult Tutsis and children to the death squads, which brutally slaughtered them.

4 Seromba

Father Athanase Seromba (born 1963) was charged with the deaths of around 2,000 Tutsis who took refuge in his parish church.

He ordered his church to be bulldozed (with the refugees inside) on April 6 1994, and then shot some survivors.

WHY DID IT TAKE SO LONG FOR THE HOLY SEE TO APOLOGIZE?

The Vatican maintained that the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH bore no institutional responsibility – although her priests had committed terrible crimes.

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Only recently in March 2017, Pope Francis asked forgiveness from RWANDAN President Paul Kagame – for the surreptitious role played by CATHOLIC priests during the RWANDAN genocide.

The Pope’s ‘apology’ took almost 23 years since 1994. However, the RWANDAN government felt that it didn’t go far enough.

A considerable number of the faithful had already left the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH in RWANDA.

It was an open secret that a CATHOLIC network helped implicated priests and nuns to escape to Europe and evade justice.

Father Munyeshyaka took charge of a CATHOLIC church in Gisors, France. While Father Seromba changed his name and became a parish priest in Florence, Italy.

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WHAT LESSONS HAVE WE LEARNT?

The violence, murders, rapes and plunder by lawless groups do not represent any religion.

These are common criminals who have succumbed to hatred and evil degeneration in their hearts.

Today, the world is experiencing waves of violence and terror attacks against innocent civilians.

But we can win this ideological war against the terrorists who at times hide behind a religious facade.

The war against terror is definitely not a war against any religion especially ISLAM.

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CALL TO ACTION

The RWANDAN massacre averaged 8,000 deaths every day for 100 days. Totaling an estimated 800,000 murdered souls.

In comparison, the September 11 terrorist attacks had a death toll of almost 2,996 human lives and injured 6,000 others.

Let’s stop identifying terrorism by the religion of its terrorists. Though they may be Muslims or of any other religion.

But this doesn’t mean that the world will compromise its commitment to bring the violent terrorists to justice.

Let us join our hands – Muslims and non-Muslims alike – to uproot this ideology of hatred.

CHRISTIANITY IS A RELIGION OF PEACE.

ISLAM IS A RELIGION OF PEACE.

#religionofpeace

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Just how old are you, Umno Baru?

Umno

Pic credit The Malay Mail Online.
JUST HOW OLD ARE YOU, UMNO?
MySinChew.com 2017-05-11 09:28

By Mohsin Abdullah

Usually people tend to claim to be younger than their actual age. But not the people in Umno. No not individually but as a group.

They have been at it for years. This year, they are saying their party is 71 years old. Hence, today being Umno Day, the party is celebrating its 71st birthday.

Going by history that Umno was formed on 11 May 1946 by the late Datuk Onn Jaafar, the Umno folks are right.

But wait, wasn’t that Umno of ’46, pardon the expression, “dead and buried ” back in 1988?

A quick throwback.

Older readers would surely remember. But I’ll write it anyway, for the younger readers who might not be familiar with the story. And even for those who knew, well, take a trip down memory lane all the same.

On 24 April 1987, Umno held its annual general assembly and triennial party election after a vicious and bitter campaign.

Fighting for power was Team A led by then president Dr Mahathir Mohamad and his deputy Ghafar Baba, against Team B headed by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah aided by Musa Hitam as number two.

Mahathir and Ghafar won.Two of the three vice presidents elected were from Team A, and the supreme council made up of 16 Team A members compared to nine from Team B.

Then allegations of irregularities, said to be hurled by Team B supporters, surfaced.

On 25 June 1987, an appeal was made by 12 Umno delegates (one pulled out subsequently) to have the Umno assembly and the 24 April election declared null.

In short, the issue was brought to the court. After a series of interlocutory hearings over the discovery of documents that took more than seven months, the matter finally came before Justice Harun Hashim in the Kuala Lumpur High Court on 4 February 1988.

The judge ruled that under existing law he had no option but to find the party, Umno, to be an unlawful society due to the existence of several unregistered branches which contravened the Societies Act of 1966.

Hence, the question of the assembly itself being illegal (sought by the 11 Umno delegates) became academic.

So, based on the High Court decision, Umno the party “died”, again pardon the expression, on 4 February 1988. And it was not revived. Never resurrected.

Instead, Dr Mahathir put into motion the machinery to form a new party, a surrogate party, so to speak, and in due course registered it formally calling it Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu (Baru) or United Malays National Organisation (New), meaning the new Umno registered by Mahathir back then, which is the current Umno led by Datuk Seri Najib Razak, was born in 1988.

Which makes the party a youngish 29 years old instead of the 71 years presently trumpeted all over the country.

Umno must have its own reasons for wanting to be known older than its present age, perhaps to show credibility, longevity and sustainability?

Or perhaps because of this — the suffix “Baru” was eventually dropped and Umno (Baru) became both the de facto and de jure successor of Umno (with the old Umno’s assets handed to them).

Maybe that’s why Umno now calls itself simply Umno and not Umno Baru anymore.

The fact remains although the Umno of Datuk Onn is long gone. What we now have is a replacement. Not a or a resurrected version nor a reincarnation of the Umno formed in 1946.

Anyway, Selamat Hari Ulang Tahun Umno!

(Mohsin Abdullah is a freelancer who writes about this, that and everything else.)

http://www.mysinchew.com/node/117594?tid=12