The British Empire established its web of power over its colonies around the world since the 1800s. Primarily to control the supply of natural resources for trade and industry.
Pre-independent Malaya became the largest producer of natural rubber and tin in the world. The credit of wealth creation was due to the British’s administration. The mining of tin attracted Chinese immigrants while the tapping of rubber attracted Indian immigrants.
The British had never sought to convert its colony’s religion to the British Empire’s Anglican Church of England. The Sultans were the spiritual leaders of Islam in their respective states while freedom of religion was accorded to all.
Malaysia’s 1st PM Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia’s 1st AGONG Tuanku Abdul Rahman, with the Last Governor of the Straits Settlements, Sir MacGillivray.
Background Of Pre-Independent Malaya
Pre-Independent MALAYA had just suffered tremendously under the brutal Japanese occupation during World War 2. After that, even the benign British rule was seen as subservient.
It was a rallying cry for “Malaya to be governed by Malayans”; the cry could no longer to be suppressed.
In year 1957, 9 Malay States (with ruling sultanate) and 2 States without Sultans (Penang and Melaka) formed MALAYA. Winning independence from the British.
In 1963, Malaya became Malaysia; after being joined by North Borneo (Sabah), Sarawak and Singapore. Singapore eventually left the federation in 1965.
The first Prime Minister of Malaysia is Tunku Abdul Rahman who is of royal blood; being the seventh son of the Sultan of Kedah.
The Malay Sultanate
The title of “Sultan” originated from an Arabic abstract noun. Meaning authority, power, rulership and strength.
The nine Malay Rulers were immensely popular with their subjects. They were the living symbols of Malay identity and culture.
More importantly, Their Royal Majesties are the spiritual leaders of Islam in their respective states. Indeed, the religion of ISLAM is the foundation of the Malay kingdom.
Since 1957, The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong enjoys a veto power (*via his royal assent) to block “new laws” or “ammendments” to the Constitution. However, this veto power was removed in 1993 by the ruling political parties.