Many countries in the world once had monarchs. But alas, they are no more.
China’s last emperor abdicated on 12 Feb 1912, following Sun Yat-sen’s republican revolution.
After World War 1, Russia forced its last Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate in 15 March 1917.
To the casual observer, China and Russia had become godless regimes by turning into communist governments.
The India And Pakistan Experience
Just recently, I blogged of the disengagement of Colonial British from India in 1947. This led to the newly-created independent nation-states of both India and Pakistan.
We saw how India consolidated about 565 princely states into one nation state. The Hindu Maharajahs had to sign Instruments of Accession to join India.
Meanwhile, the Muslim Rulers known as Nawabs who were kings of Muslim princely states; they also signed Instruments of Accession to join Pakistan.
Thus, we see an unmistakable manifestation of human psychology.
The Hindu-majority states preferred to join India. India prides itself as secular but it is strongly Hindu in many aspects.
[ The Hindu Maharajahs of Hyderabad and Kalat opted for self-independence in 1947 but their states were annexed by the Indian military in 1948. ]
On the other hand, the Muslim-majority states preferred to join Muslim Pakistan.
What does this really say?
Firstly, religion will rule human hearts and become a strong factor in politics.
Secondly, the independence of India and Pakistan saw the dissolution of nearly 600 monarchies.
Case Study – Junagadh
Junagadh is a Hindu-majority populace with a Muslim Ruler. Its Nawab decided to merge Junagadh into Pakistan but was fiercely resisted by the Hindu majority. This led to a referendum and eventual integration of Junagadh into India.
Case Study – Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is a Muslim-majority populace with a Hindu Maharajah named Hari Singh. He signed the Instrument of Accession to join India in 1947. This led to war between India and Pakistan, resulting in a split state of Kashmir. Here, we see Muslim citizens’ expectations to be ruled by Islamic law in a Muslim government.
In 1971, Indian PM Indira Gandhi derecognized the Maharajahs by revising the Constitution. The Government of Pakistan also derecognized the Nawabs in 1972.
So the Muslim Nawabs did not fare any better than the Hindu Maharajahs.
Politicians no matter the colour of their skin – are capricious creatures of self-interests.
“To be forewarned is to be forearmed.”
The Malaysia Experience
Malaysia is blessed to have a monarchy who is God-fearing and righteous.
We must guard against our politicians who will try to usurp the role of our King.
I say this again. “To be forewarned is to be forearmed.”