Democracy And Republic ~ Part 4 of 7

4 - Democracy 1

I have chosen these topics because many of our peers in this generation are born after World War II. Many issues need to be considered in perspective and context.

In the written history of mankind, most of the countries in the world have always been ruled by monarchs or kings.

After World War 2 ended in 1945, many nations started transitioning to new forms of government – being democracies and republics.

In these new forms of government; the majority vote of the nation’s citizens in General Elections determine:-

* the kind of State laws that they want to govern themselves;

* the leaders that they want to lead the State.

4 - Federal Constitution

Constitutional Monarchy

In a democracy, the king is retained as the Head of State.

The extend of powers of the king is as defined in the State Constitution.

In a republic, the President is elected to function as the Head of State.

Singapore’s President has strong veto powers to block the abuse of the nations’ strategic financial reserves.

Both the #Democracy and #Republic State Constitution define that the three branches of government serve under the #Monarch or the #President respectively.

 

The Three Branches Of Government.

The doctrine of the separation of powers is to provide the constitutional checks and balances. This is for the proper functioning of the State.

It ensures that each branch of government acts with integrity; and effectively; and without the abuse of its defined powers.

4 - Najib

(I) The Executive. The Prime Minister is usually the head of the coalition of political parties. He appoints his cabinet of ministers, usually from his allies who are legislators in the Parliament.

4 - Parliament

(II) The Parliament. Members of Parliament are voted in by the people during General Elections. MPs legislate new laws or amend current laws to be enacted into the Acts of Parliament.

4 Judiciary laws 2

(III) The Courts. Judges are appointed by the Head of State/ The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. The Judiciary interpret the laws of Parliament and makes judicial judgments to be enforced. The Courts can also rule against the Executive or the Legislative Assembly.

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The Crooked Politician

Welcome to the dark side of the politician who holds the rein of power.

When new politicians are voted into power, voters tend to be mesmerized by their honest-to-goodness public image.

But there is a saying that says “power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

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So there is a real possibility that, at some point of time, this saying can become true.

Our politicians can become crooked if the ‘governmental powers’ that they wield is left unchecked.

Without accountability, without checks and balances, our honest politicians can mutate into rascals and rogues.

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The lure of temptation is just too great. The ego of being a multi-billionaire. The trappings of power and wealth.

Like our famous politician who once said, “Just close one eye”.

But we are answerable to our conscience and our children – when our country’s resources are plundered and raped.

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To the non-atheist who believe in the Judgment Day, in the Last Day, how will you answer to your God?

Will you say – “I had to protect my rice-bowl.” “I couldn’t jeopardize my job promotion.” “They could unfriend me on Facebook.”

I do hope that God has a sense of humour, to laugh off our human weaknesses.

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The 14th General Elections in Malaysia is just around the corner.

If you suspect that your politician had turned crooked, it’s time to vote wisely. The Member of Parliament whom you call “Yang Berhormat”.

Just send the crooks into the wilderness. It’s the best favour that we can do for our children.

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