I have chosen these topics because many of our peers in this generation are born after World War II. Many issues need to be considered in perspective and context.
In the written history of mankind, most of the countries in the world have always been ruled by monarchs or kings.
After World War 2 ended in 1945, many nations started transitioning to new forms of government – being democracies and republics.
In these new forms of government; the majority vote of the nation’s citizens in General Elections determine:-
* the kind of State laws that they want to govern themselves;
* the leaders that they want to lead the State.
In a democracy, the king is retained as the Head of State.
The extend of powers of the king is as defined in the State Constitution.
In a republic, the President is elected to function as the Head of State.
Singapore’s President has strong veto powers to block the abuse of the nations’ strategic financial reserves.
Both the #Democracy and #Republic State Constitution define that the three branches of government serve under the #Monarch or the #President respectively.
The Three Branches Of Government.
The doctrine of the separation of powers is to provide the constitutional checks and balances. This is for the proper functioning of the State.
It ensures that each branch of government acts with integrity; and effectively; and without the abuse of its defined powers.
(I) The Executive. The Prime Minister is usually the head of the coalition of political parties. He appoints his cabinet of ministers, usually from his allies who are legislators in the Parliament.
(II) The Parliament. Members of Parliament are voted in by the people during General Elections. MPs legislate new laws or amend current laws to be enacted into the Acts of Parliament.
(III) The Courts. Judges are appointed by the Head of State/ The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. The Judiciary interpret the laws of Parliament and makes judicial judgments to be enforced. The Courts can also rule against the Executive or the Legislative Assembly.