The Story Of Malaya ~ Part 6 of 7

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The British Empire established its web of power over its colonies around the world since the 1800s. Primarily to control the supply of natural resources for trade and industry.

Pre-independent Malaya became the largest producer of natural rubber and tin in the world. The credit of wealth creation was due to the British’s administration. The mining of tin attracted Chinese immigrants while the tapping of rubber attracted Indian immigrants.

 

The British had never sought to convert its colony’s religion to the British Empire’s Anglican Church of England. The Sultans were the spiritual leaders of Islam in their respective states while freedom of religion was accorded to all.

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Malaysia’s 1st PM Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia’s 1st AGONG Tuanku Abdul Rahman, with the Last Governor of the Straits Settlements, Sir MacGillivray.

Background Of Pre-Independent Malaya

Pre-Independent MALAYA had just suffered tremendously under the brutal Japanese occupation during World War 2. After that, even the benign British rule was seen as subservient.

6 - Malaya Japanese

It was a rallying cry for “Malaya to be governed by Malayans”; the cry could no longer to be suppressed.

6 - Malaya Independence

In year 1957, 9 Malay States (with ruling sultanate) and 2 States without Sultans (Penang and Melaka) formed MALAYA. Winning independence from the British.

In 1963, Malaya became Malaysia; after being joined by North Borneo (Sabah), Sarawak and Singapore. Singapore eventually left the federation in 1965.

The first Prime Minister of Malaysia is Tunku Abdul Rahman who is of royal blood; being the seventh son of the Sultan of Kedah.

6 Sultans

The Malay Sultanate

The title of “Sultan” originated from an Arabic abstract noun. Meaning authority, power, rulership and strength.

 

The nine Malay Rulers were immensely popular with their subjects. They were the living symbols of Malay identity and culture.

 

More importantly, Their Royal Majesties are the spiritual leaders of Islam in their respective states. Indeed, the religion of ISLAM is the foundation of the Malay kingdom.

Since 1957, The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong enjoys a veto power (*via his royal assent) to block “new laws” or “ammendments” to the Constitution. However, this veto power was removed in 1993 by the ruling political parties.

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Kings And Kingdoms ~ Part 2 of 7

2 - UN Flags

Today, the United Nations (UN) has 193 member nations. 44 nations still retain monarchies or kings as their Head of State. This includes:-

2 - Queen Elizabeth

Queen Elizabeth II, age 91.

(I) United Kingdom/ Great Britain. This is a constitutional monarchy. The Queen inherited the throne at the age of 26 years old. Her Royal Majesty is also the Head of the Commonwealth of 52 member nations which were its former colonies.

2 - King Salman

King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, age 81.

(II) Saudi Arabia. This is an absolute monarchy. King Salman is the Custodian of two of the most holiest sites in Islam, being Mecca and Medina. The Kingdom of Al Saud was established in 1932 by King Ibn Saud.

3 - Sultan Muhammad V

Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Muhammad V, age 48.

(III) Malaysia. This is a constitutional monarchy. Sultan Muhammad V hails from Kelantan which is one of the 9 Malay Sultanate in Malaysia. The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong is elected to a 5-year term in office through the Conference of Malay Rulers.

2 Msia Saudi

Historical Perspective.

In the history of the world, the king was the Head of State, above the Constitution of the State. This meant that the word of the king was the highest law.

His Royal Majesty had the ultimate power to pardon or to forgive transgressions. Those who disobeyed the royal decree or insulted the king were charged with lese majesty. The offender’s family were also possibly exiled in the olden days.

Transition of the kingdom’s rule was hereditary or by inheritance. Meaning that only a person of royal blood can reign on the throne of the kingdom. This does not preclude rivalry for the crown within the royal family.

In the Bible, there are also many stories of kings and kingdoms. For example, King David and King Solomon were also prophets who had a personal connection to God. [also known as Nabi Daud & Nabi Sulaiman in the Qu’ran]

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