Today, the United Nations (UN) has 193 member nations. 44 nations still retain monarchies or kings as their Head of State. This includes:-
Queen Elizabeth II, age 91.
(I) United Kingdom/ Great Britain. This is a constitutional monarchy. The Queen inherited the throne at the age of 26 years old. Her Royal Majesty is also the Head of the Commonwealth of 52 member nations which were its former colonies.
King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, age 81.
(II) Saudi Arabia. This is an absolute monarchy. King Salman is the Custodian of two of the most holiest sites in Islam, being Mecca and Medina. The Kingdom of Al Saud was established in 1932 by King Ibn Saud.
Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Muhammad V, age 48.
(III) Malaysia. This is a constitutional monarchy. Sultan Muhammad V hails from Kelantan which is one of the 9 Malay Sultanate in Malaysia. The Yang Di-Pertuan Agong is elected to a 5-year term in office through the Conference of Malay Rulers.
In the history of the world, the king was the Head of State, above the Constitution of the State. This meant that the word of the king was the highest law.
His Royal Majesty had the ultimate power to pardon or to forgive transgressions. Those who disobeyed the royal decree or insulted the king were charged with lese majesty. The offender’s family were also possibly exiled in the olden days.
Transition of the kingdom’s rule was hereditary or by inheritance. Meaning that only a person of royal blood can reign on the throne of the kingdom. This does not preclude rivalry for the crown within the royal family.
In the Bible, there are also many stories of kings and kingdoms. For example, King David and King Solomon were also prophets who had a personal connection to God. [also known as Nabi Daud & Nabi Sulaiman in the Qu’ran]